Basic Spanish vocabulary - Family and relatives

Family and relatives in Spanish

The following English-Spanish and Spanish-English word lists contain the names of family members and relatives.

Also available on this site is an interactive practice tool that helps you learn the following list of words; and a test to check what you have learnt.

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auntla tía
brotherel hermano
brother-in-lawel cuñado
cousinel primo
daughterla hija
daughter-in-lawla nuera
fatherel padre
father-in-lawel suegro
grandchildel nieto
granddaughterla nieta
grandfatherel abuelo
grandmotherla abuela
husbandel marido
motherla madre
mother-in-lawla suegra
nephewel sobrino
niecela sobrina
orphan(el) huérfano
parentslos padres
sisterla hermana
sister-in-lawla cuñada
sonel hijo
son-in-lawel yerno
stepchildel hijastro
stepfatherel padrastro
stepmotherla madrastra
uncleel tío
widowla viuda
widowerel viudo
wifela mujer


la abuelagrandmother
el abuelograndfather
la cuñadasister-in-law
el cuñadobrother-in-law
el gemelotwin
la hermanasister
el hermanobrother
la hijadaughter
el hijastrostepchild
el hijoson
(el) huérfanoorphan
la madrastrastepmother
la madremother
el maridohusband
la mujerwife, woman
la nietagranddaughter
el nietograndchild, grandson
la nueradaughter-in-law
el padrastrostepfather
el padrefather
los padresparents
el primocousin
la sobrinaniece
el sobrinonephew
la suegramother-in-law
el suegrofather-in-law
la tíaaunt
el tíouncle
la viudawidow
el viudowidower
el yernoson-in-law

Note: Spanish nouns have a gender and a corresponding article (either "el" or "la", or in plural, "los" or "las"). There is a separate page for all Spanish noun gender rules and exceptions.

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